Sponsored by Sens. Crandell, Burges, and Melvin, and approved to appear on the November 2014 Ballot, SCR1016 states that Arizonans may use a bill, initiative, referendum, or other legal remedy to restrict the actions of state personnel and financial resources to only those purposes consistent with the U.S. Constitution.
Chaired by Rep. Brandon Creighton, the Texas Federalism & Fiscal Responsibility Committee monitors actions of the federal government, including federal legislation and regulations that direct or suggest that states take certain actions or pass legislation.
Sponsored by Sen. Troy Fraser and Rep. Pitts, and signed into law in 2013 by Gov. Rick Perry, SJR1 and HB4 secure an abundant water supply for the State of Texas through a $2 billion water infrastructure development fund known as The State Water Implementation Fund (or SWIFT). The law empowers a highly-accountable, governor-appointed Texas Water Development Board to build reservoirs and water pipelines for industry, farming, and communities.
Sponsored by Rep. Michael Noel, and signed into law in 2013 by Gov. Herbert, HB155 limits the authority of federal employees to exercise law enforcement authority within Utah. HB155 provides that Utah does not recognize the authority of any United States Forest Service employee who is not a certified law enforcement officer or any Bureau of Land Management employee to exercise law enforcement authority under state, local, or federally assimilated law. Violators of this law are guilty of a class B misdemeanor punishable by a $1,000 fine and six months in jail.
Sponsored by Rep. Giovanni Capriglione and backed by Gov. Rick Perry, HB3505 would create the Texas Bullion Depository, a state-based bank to house $1 billion worth of gold bars owned by the University of Texas Investment Management Co. and presently stored by the Federal Reserve. The bill also preemptively nullifies any confiscation of Texas gold by the federal government. HB3505 creates the Texas Bullion Depository to “serve as the custodian, guardian, and administrator of all bullion and specie transferred to or otherwise acquired by this state; provide the basis for a system for precious metals-denominated intergovernmental payments and settlements; establish a process and mechanism by which the system is able to function in the event of a systemic dislocation in a national and international financial system, including systemic problems in liquidity, credit markets, or currency markets; and provide a regulatory and administrative framework for the system to be made available to private persons.”
Convened in 2013 by House Speaker T.W. Shannon, the Oklahoma House of Representatives States’ Rights Committee is a nonpartisan legislative panel consisting of 13 members and chaired by Rep. Lewis Moore. The Committee’s mission is to protect Oklahoma’s state sovereignty and defend against federal encroachment into state matters as defined by the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Sponsored by Dels. Howell and Canterbury along with Sen. Sypolt, et al., HB2214/SB56 (the “Intrastate Coal and Use Act”) establishes that the environmental regulation of coal and certain coal products mined and used within the state is exclusively regulated by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection and is not subject to federal interstate commerce regulations.
States that would benefit from adopting the Intrastate Coal and Use Act include top 20 coal producing states (WY, KY, PA, MT, TX, IN, IL, ND, OH, CO, VA, NM, AL, UT, AZ, MO, MS, LA, MD).
Sponsored by Reps. Gary Chism and Jeffrey Smith, HB490 would direct the state of Mississippi to establish the Joint Legislative Committee on the Neutralization of Federal Laws. The committee, to be led by the Lieutenant Governor and six members of each chamber of the state legislature, would “recommend, propose and call for a vote by simple majority to neutralize in its entirety a specific federal law or regulation that is outside the scope of the powers delegated by the people to the federal government in the United States Constitution.”
Sponsored by Reps Crandell and Barton, but defeated in the Nov. 6, 2012 election, HCR2004 (Arizona Declaration of State Sovereignty Amendment, Proposition 120 ) is a legislatively referred ballot initiative to amend the state constitution to assert Arizona’s sovereign jurisdiction over state lands, water, air, minerals, and wildlife. Citizens of Arizona will vote on the amendment in November 2012. If approved by the voters of Arizona, the measure would let Arizona manage its natural resources without deferring to a federal agency.
Sponsored by Rep. Michael Bileca and signed into law by Gov. Rick Scott, HB959 makes it illegal for state agencies to give taxpayer dollars to companies that do business directly or indirectly with Cuba or Syria. Gov. Scott stated, “The legislation I’m signing today is designed to protect Florida taxpayers from unintentionally supporting dictators that suppress freedom and the rights of individuals.”
Sponsored by Del. Howell, Canterbury, et al, HB2554 (the “Intrastate Coal and Use Act”) establishes that the environmental regulation of coal and certain coal products mined and used within the state is exclusively regulated by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, and is not subject to federal interstate commerce regulations. Other states well situated for the Intrastate Coal and Use Act include top 20 coal producing states (WY, KY, PA, MT, TX, IN, IL, ND, OH, CO, VA, NM AL, UT, AZ, MO, MS, LA, MD).
Sponsored by Reps Curtman, Koenig, Bahr et al., HB1637 would establish the “Missouri Sound Money Act of 2012,” which states that gold and silver issued by the federal government is legal tender. In addition, exchange of gold and silver as legal tender is exempted from state and local sales and use taxes, and also from state individual and corporate income taxes.
Sponsored by Reps Galvez, Ivory, et al., and signed into law in 2011 by Gov. Gary Herbert, HB317 (The Specie Legal Tender Act) recognizes gold and silver coins issued by the federal government as legal tender in the state and exempts the exchange of the coins from certain types of state tax liability. In combination with the 2012 amended legislation HB157 (PDF), Utah’s new sound money policy lets individuals use gold and silver bullion in the same way as they would cash for transactions and also currency exchanges. Individuals will be able to get fair market value for metal in a trade for cash, or may start depositing or making purchases with it.
Sponsored by Rep. Ken Ivory, Sen. Niederhauser, et al., and signed into law by Gov. Herbert, HB76 authorizes Utah’s Constitutional Defense Council to evaluate and respond to federal laws. According to HB76, the Federalism Subcommittee of the Constitutional Defense Council meets to review the impact of federal mandates on Utah. As necessary, the committee requests special sessions of the Legislature to respond to harmful or unconstitutional federal mandates that encroach on state sovereignty. Responses may include challenging federal court rulings, approving claims for payments, and preparing a constitutional defense plan. The Federalism Subcommittee chair may also correspond with other states about federal law. HB76 was updated in 2013 by HB131, which established the Commission on Federalism.